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Donyi Polo- Exploring the Indigenous Faith of Arunachal Pradesh

Donyi Polo: Exploring the Indigenous Faith of Arunachal Pradesh


In the mesmerizing state of Arunachal Pradesh, nestled in the northeastern part of India, lies a unique religious belief system known as Donyi Polo. Rooted in the rich cultural heritage of the indigenous communities, Donyi Polo embodies their deep connection with nature, spiritual beliefs, and traditional values. In this article, we will delve into the essence of Donyi Polo and understand why it holds such significance in the lives of the people of Arunachal Pradesh.

Villages in Arunachal Pradesh of Donyi Polo religion have utmost respect for nature.
Followers of Donyi Polo have a deep relationship with nature and since time immemorial have lived a lifestyle which respects and nurtures the environment they have been gifted with.

Origin and Philosophy:

Donyi Polo, which means “Sun and Moon” in the local language, is an indigenous faith that has been practiced for centuries by various tribes in Arunachal Pradesh. It is a belief system that reveres the forces of nature, particularly the Sun and the Moon, as deities representing the supreme power. The philosophy behind Donyi Polo is deeply rooted in the harmony between humans, nature, and the divine.

Nature Worship:

One of the fundamental aspects of Donyi Polo is the veneration of nature. The followers of this faith believe in the existence of numerous benevolent spirits and deities inhabiting the natural elements, including mountains, rivers, trees, and animals. They perceive these elements as divine manifestations and consider them worthy of reverence and respect. This close connection with nature instills a sense of environmental stewardship and sustainability among the followers of Donyi Polo.

Animist ceremonial decorations near a prayer house of Donyi Polo religion
Ceremonial structure outside a community hall of the Adi tribespeople.

Rituals and Ceremonies:

Donyi Polo is celebrated through various rituals and ceremonies that are an integral part of the religious practices. The rituals typically involve offerings, prayers, and chanting of hymns to seek the blessings of the deities. The festivals of Donyi Polo, such as Reh, Sollung, and Aran, provide a platform for the community to come together, express gratitude, and celebrate their cultural identity. These festivities are marked by colorful attire, traditional dances, music, and feasts, creating an atmosphere of joy and unity.

Moral and Ethical Values:

Beyond the religious aspect, Donyi Polo encompasses a set of moral and ethical values that guide the lives of its followers. Respect for elders, compassion towards all living beings, honesty, and integrity are upheld as essential virtues. The teachings of Donyi Polo emphasize the importance of leading a virtuous life, contributing to the welfare of the community, and maintaining a harmonious relationship with the natural world.

Cultural Identity and Preservation:

Donyi Polo plays a vital role in shaping the cultural identity of the indigenous communities in Arunachal Pradesh. It serves as a powerful thread that connects them to their ancestral heritage and traditions. The faith acts as a unifying force, fostering a sense of belonging and pride among the followers. As Arunachal Pradesh undergoes modernization and encounters external influences, the preservation of Donyi Polo becomes crucial in safeguarding the unique cultural legacy of the indigenous tribes.

An Adi lady weaver from Arunachal Pradesh
Weaving is integral to the followers of Donyi Polo and patterns from nature are wholeheartedly used as symbols of luck and prosperity.


Donyi Polo stands as a testament to the rich spiritual and cultural heritage of Arunachal Pradesh. It not only offers a glimpse into the religious beliefs and practices of the indigenous communities but also highlights their profound reverence for nature and the divine. Donyi Polo serves as a guiding light, promoting harmony, sustainability, and cultural preservation. Exploring this indigenous faith provides a fascinating opportunity to understand the deep-rooted traditions and values that shape the lives of the people of Arunachal Pradesh.


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